A concussion is a sort of traumatic injury to the brain caused by a blow to the head or body through a fall or any injury which shakes the brain inside the skull. The cuts and bruises on the face and head are visible, but the signs of injury in the brain are not visible, but felt by symptoms. No needs to lose consciousness, as some people have symptoms like:
- Feeling of pressure in the head
- Forgetting what happened before the injury
- Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event
- Nausea & vomiting
- Confusion or feeling as in surrounded with fog
- Seeing stars or feeling dizzy.
What causes a concussion?
It is understandable that the human brain is a soft organ surrounded by spinal fluid which acts as a cushion to keep the brain from knocking into your skull. There are many ways which cause Concussion like:
- Car crashes
- Bike accidents
- Playground injuries
- Bike accidents and
- Other activities
What are the complications of Concussion?
The complications of Concussion are:
- Increasing effects of numerous brain injuries
- Post concussion syndrome
- Post traumatic Headaches
- Post traumatic vertigo
- Second impact syndrome
After the concussion, the brain chemical level is altered, which usually takes a week to stabilize. Yet, recovery time varies from patient to patient and it is essential for athletes to stop participating in sports as there can be still symptoms and signs of concussion.
How to treat Concussion?
A stay in the hospital is advised under observation. Bed rest, fluids and a mild pain reliever like Tylenol is prescribed and
- Ice is applied to the bumps to ease pain and reduce swelling.
- Proper medication is applied to the cuts by an injection or topical ointments.
- Mainly, the cuts are washed thoroughly with a saline solution and if surgery requires, then the doctors perform it with stitches or skin glue known as Dermabond.