Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery is done like open surgery. To stabilize the spinal joints and vertebral bone Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery is perform. This surgery is also effective to release any pressure from spinal nerves which is being applied. The other term use to define this surgery is invasive spine surgery. Through small incisions special instrument are used by surgeons to get full access to patients spine.
An incision of size near about 6 to 7 inches long is usually done by surgeons in open surgery. Then, the surgeon will make full access of the spine by moving the muscles aside. This allows the surgeon to remove the damaged bone more easily. The main disadvantage of this surgery is that moving the muscle aside may affect the soft tissues present there.
A tubular reactor is a specially designed tool which is used for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. A small incision is made in the patients body to insert this device through the hole in the spinal column. A small tunnel shape area is created nearby the spine. Surgeons usually access the spine through a small instrument which is fitted in the center of the tubular reactor.
If any bone or disc need to be removed it should be brought out through the exits of the tubular reactor. And any instrument which is require for the fusion need to be inserted through the tubular reactor. Surgeon generally guided by fluoroscopy to see where the tubular reactors need to insert and place.
Complications and risk factors
There are several complications and risk factors are associated with Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery such as:
- The nearby nerves can get damaged
- Blood clot
- Infection and bleeding can happen in surgical area
Patients are recommended to take antibiotics before and after the surgery but should be prescribed by the doctor.