Thoracic Outlet Syndrome abbreviated as TOS. It is the area between the collarbone and the first rib. It is covered with nerves and blood vessels. When these blood vessels are given more pressure it causes pain in shoulder muscles. This will lead to others various disorders and all these symptoms are collectively known as Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. This syndrome is usually caused from an accident, physical activities giving stress to shoulder muscles or may be due to an extra rib. There are even situations where the doctor himself could not find the actual cause.
Treatments for TOS
Once the syndrome is diagnosed, the doctor may recommend for a surgery in certain cases. Whereas for some physical therapy can help a lot to get rid of this syndrome. The treatments of this syndrome vary depending on the type and cause. Physical Therapy, Surgery and Medications are usually adopted to cure this syndrome.
Physical therapy includes, exercises for neck and upper body, stretching to release the muscle tension, postural corrections and energizing the weak muscles. There are even manual therapies like massages which helps to reduce the tension of the muscles.
Medications are given mainly to get a relief from pain. In some cases thrombolytic medications are given to patients to remove the blood clots. It is usually used for patients with venous thoracic syndrome and Arterial Thoracic Syndrome.
Surgery is another option for TOS. In certain cases like venous and arterial thoracic syndrome, surgery is found much successful. Surgery can help to remove the compression in the shoulder muscles or you can even get rid of the extra rib that caused the syndrome. Surgeries have its own risks and limitations and so most doctors will advice for a physical therapy and medications. They will recommend for a surgery only in emergency situations.