Congenital Scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is occurred due to improper formation of vertebrae. It is needless to say that it is one of the major spinal deformities. This abnormal condition is occurred in very early stage of embryonic development. Most of the cases happen before pregnancy is detected. The significant cause of congenital scoliosis is still unknown. There is no such evidence of hereditary or genetic causes but it forms during the toddler or infant age. Sometimes it doesnt come into view until adolescent age.

Types of Congenital Scoliosis:

There is no doubt that it happens from spine abnormalities at birth. With adolescence the deformity is increased and appeared. There are many types of congenital scoliosis. Through this article the categories are described below.

  • Hemivertebrae
  • Bony Bar
  • Amalgamation of Bony Bar and Hemivertebrae
  • Compensatory Curves

Symptoms of Congenital Scoliosis:

This spinal deformity is always detected at the time of birth through examination conducted by pediatrician. Physician does this diagnosis if slight malformation of back is found in his/ her expert eyes. As it is not painful the detection is not that easy. The symptoms are herewith.

  • Slant Shoulder with one side protruded Shoulder Blade
  • Unsymmetrical waistline
  • Prominent rib cage in one side
  • Uneven hip
  • Leaning of the body


Congenital Scoliosis can be treated through several ways. The treatment must depend on vertebral abnormality, acuteness of curves and any other health issues. These treatments can be categorized into two types, non-surgical and surgical
Non-Surgical treatment starts from monitoring a child. Through observation the physician can come to the conclusion that the spine is not going to worse. X-rays on regular 6months interval helps to detect the condition. Then if required and if the compensatory curves congenital scoliosis is detected the bracing is required.
But if X-ray shows that deformity goes to the worse, patients have acute curves, large abnormality or neurological problem, then there is no way other than surgery.