Stem cell therapy is a therapy where there is the use of stem cells to treat a disease or prevent any condition. Mainly, Bone marrow transplant is the most extensively used therapies in stem cells and some treatments derived from umbilical cord blood are also in use. Certain researches are underway to develop various sources of stem cells and to apply certain treatments for diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, heart disease and other ailments.
Different types of Stem Cells
There are different types of stem cells in different places in the body which are formed at different times all through the life.
- Adult Stem Cells
Mainly, adult tissues holds stem cells which replace cells that dies or recovers the tissue after any sort of severe injury. For instance, Muscle, bone marrow and intestine contain their own stem cells, plus in the bone marrow, billions of new blood cells are formed from blood forming stem cells every day.
- Fetal Stem Cells
These stem cells are generally the cells taken from the fetus. Here the developing baby is referred as a fetus and most tissues in fetus contain the stem cells, which drive, the more rapid growth and development of the organs. Similar to mature stem cells, these stem cells are tissue specific and create the mature cell types within the precise organ or tissue in which they are found.
- Cord Blood Stem Cells
At birth, the blood in the umbilical cord is prosperous and more useful in blood forming stem cells and the function of this cord blood is equivalent to those of adult bone marrow and right now used to treat various ailments and conditions of the blood like specific cancer ailments.
- Embryonic Stem cells
These stem cells are derived from early embryos and hold the capacity to give rise to different types in the body. Well, these stem cells carry the threat of transforming into cancerous tissue after the transplantation and to be utilized in cell transfer treatments, where the cells are aimed into a grown-up cell in a therapeutic way and to reduce the risk of the developing cancers.
- Induced Pluripotent Stem cells
These cells are created by inducing the specialized cells to express the genes which are normally made from embryonic stem cells which control the cell functions.