Fracture of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

Thoracic and lumbar spine (lower back) is most common type of fracture which occurs in the spinal code. It can also occur near the connection of thoracolumbar junction. Car crash or fall from a top height, which may involves high-velocity accidents is normally responsible for these types of fracture. It is found that men experience these types of fracture of lumbar spine and thoracic spine five times more than women. Old age people are more prone to this type fracture of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine due to bone weakness.


Some of the common causes of fracture of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine are

  • High-intensity car crash,
  • Free fall from a top height,
  • Any types of sports accident,
  • High intensity and violent act, for example, a wound for gun shoot.

When too much high pressure is apply on the bone the fracture occurs. Trauma is also responsible for this type of spinal fractures.


You may have huge pain in your arms, your back and in your legs from this fracture. This fracture is caused by forceful injury or sudden jerk. You can also feel very weak if your nerve spine gets an injury. Sometime you can feel no pain if the spinal bone breaks. There are different types of fracture in spinal, some them are:

  • Axial burst fracture
  • Compression fracture
  • Transverse process fracture
  • Distraction fracture
  • Fracture dislocation


The common type of treatment for this type of fracture is normal pain medication. Bracing is used only in some rare cases. Some patients need to go for surgery if required. If there is any injury to posterior ligaments of the spine then surgery is normally recommended. Otherwise, a close observation in a brace for 12 weeks is enough.