Tumor is caused by the uncontrolled division of the cells and as a result, a mass of unwanted tissue getting developed in the body. Tumors can be cancerous or non cancerous. The cancerous tumors spread and the non cancerous ones do not. In disease like PVNs or Pigmental villonodular synovitis, the joint lining grows over than needed and results in inflammation.
These kinds of tumors can happen in ankle, hand, elbow shoulder or foot. Due to the uncontrolled growth of the lining, the bone that is situated near gets affected badly. Surgery can help to correct the situation and in severe cases, the joint has to be replaced in order to solve the issue. The tumor can come in two forms and there persistence for long and reappearance may need the joint to be replaced.
Different forms of tumors
1. Diffused Form
2. Localized Form
In diffused form, the tumor happens in large joints like hip or knee. This is more common than the localized one.
In this form, the tumor happens in smaller joints like the joints in feet and hand and in rare cases large joints like hip, ankles and shoulders. Large tumors get appeared on tendons sheath of joints.
Symptoms of tumors that need joint replacement on later stages
Pain, swelling and restricted motion happening repeatedly even after measures and treatment like synovectomy is done for the removal.
Joint replacement for tumor
If Synovectomy, radiations and other treatments does not cure the disease, joint replacement has to be done. Many joint replacement techniques are there and it is done so that the tumor does not come back and does not grew cancerous in nature. According to the area or the joint affected, the corresponding joint replacement is done.
Different kinds of joint replacements
- Hip joint replacement
- Knee joint replacement
- Ankle joint replacement and more are used.
In joint replacement, different materials like the following are used for making the artificial joints
- Corail and Durolac
- Polyethylene and many more materials
Rehabilitation after joint replacement for tumor
The instructions have to be followed properly and the patient has to go for follow up as per the instructions of the doctor.